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The rankings below were published in the United Nation's 2010 Human Development Report and reflect the countries with the lowest human development.

1. Zimbabwe
22. Tanzania (United Republic of)
2. Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
23. Djibouti
3. Niger
24. Angola
4. Burundi
25. Haiti
5. Mozambique
26. Senegal
6. Guinea-Bissau
27. Uganda
7. Chad
28. Nigeria
8. Liberia
29. Lesotho
9. Burkina Faso
30. Comoros
10. Mali
31. Togo
11. Central African Republic
32. Nepal
12. Sierra Leone
33. Papua New Guinea
13. Ethiopia
34. Mauritania
14. Guinea
35. Madagascar
15. Afghanistan
36. Benin
16. Sudan
37. Yemen
17. Malawi
38. Myanmar
18. Rwanda
39. Cameroon
19. Gambia
40. Ghana
20. Zambia
41. Bangladesh
21. Côte d'lvoire
42. Kenya

Trends among the world's poorest countries

Since 1970, there has been encouraging news emerging from developing countries. According to the UN's 2010 Human Development Report, life expectancy in developing countries has increased from 59 years in 1970 to 70 years in 2010. School enrollment climbed from 55% to 70% of all primary and secondary school-age children. Also, in the last forty years, per capita GDP doubled to more than ten thousand U.S. dollars.

The World's average Human Development Index (HDI), which combines information on life expectancy, schooling and income, has increased 19% since 1990 (and 41% since 1970). This reflects large improvements in life expectancy, school enrollment, literacy, and income. Almost every country has benefited from this progress. Only three countries have a lower HDI in 2010 than in 1970. Those three countries are Zimbabwe, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Poor countries are catching up with the wealthier countries, but not all countries made fast progress. For example, the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have progressed slowly, largely due to the HIV epidemic. Countries in the former Soviet Union have been held back by an increase in adult mortality.

To illustrate the income inequality between rich and poor countries, consider these facts: about 1.75 billion people live in multi-dimensional poverty, meaning extreme deprivation in education, health, and standard of living; 1.44 billion people out of the developing world's 6.9 billion people live on $1.25 per day; 2.6 billion people are estimated to be living on less than $2 a day. Multidimensional poverty varies by region from three percent in Europe and Central Asia to 65% in Sub-Saharan Africa.